The literature study is the first element of the ‘Guidelines for pesticide-free sports turf management’ project led by Professor Paul Struik (Crop Systems) and Professor Coen Ritsema (Land and Water) and latches on to the Green Deal Sports Fields initiative. The study focuses on control methods for common weeds, pests and diseases in the pesticide-free maintenance of turfgrass sports fields. In this profile of pesticide-free management, the focal point was on factors for the development of turfgrass, and also on situations where current cultural management measures fall short and biology could be a future solution. In consultation with the Golf Partnership (NGF, NVG and NGA), Wageningen University evaluated the management of a number of different target varieties.
From an overview of the trade journals, we deduced that the use of chemicals usually provides good protection for the removal of symptoms, but does not offer structural solutions. There is very little literature on scientific research into the control of pests and diseases in relation to environmental factors – without the use of pesticides – in turfgrass sports fields. The remarkable fact is that current scientific golf-related literature is still primarily geared to suppressing symptoms using both pesticides and pesticide-free management without considering the long-term functionality of the turf.
The documents can be downloaded here:
- Results literature study
- Literature study